tort law cases 2020

1. … How and at what cost could the mask or gloves have been rendered “perfect?” Establishing causation will also be difficult: how do we know that the victim caught the coronavirus at that doctor’s office, or when he was using the allegedly porous mask? VOLUME 45, NUMBER 6. Oxford. Damages are a monetary award ordered by the court to be paid to an injured party, by the party at fault. It is for similar reasons that homeowners’ insurance typically excludes damage from floods, which may affect all homes in given area.] Alien Tort Statute Doe I v. Nestle, S.A. Ninth Circuit Denies Rehearing En Banc of Case Permitting Domestic Corporate Liability Claim. Who should pay for this loss, business owners or government or insurers? Torts are a pretty broad category, and many types of cases, from physical injury to invasion of privacy, are included under the term. 300(1)-State Liability for tortious acts of its servants. The defendant moved for summary judgment, asserting that he owed no duty of care to the plaintiff because there was no law, statute, or rule that required the trailer to be equipped with brakes. Here is our list of the top 5 cases of 2019 and their key take-aways for employers and employees alike. Doctors who prescribe drugs, which the FDA has approved for other uses, to COVID-19 patients should similarly be shielded by legislation from liability if those drugs don’t work, so long as scientific literature supported their use for this purpose. Over 2,100 retail stores nation-wide have announced complete closures this year. The legal problems with such suits are numerous. Alternatively, the anti-COVID-19 vaccine (once it is developed) didn’t work for me. 2020 Mid Year Update: Mass Tort and Class Action Litigation Outlook Posted on June 23, 2020 June 23, 2020 by Edward Lott While many courtrooms across the country were closed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, there are several mass torts that continued making significant progress despite the legal hiatus. How to use tort in a sentence. A careful balance has to be struck between running a hypothetical trial and holding older evidence up. Before we dive into the cases, we should explain what a tort is. Kasturilal Ralia Ram V. The State of Uttar Pradesh 1965 AIR 1039; 1965 SCR (1) 375 : is a Landmark case on Constitution of India, 1950, Art. CASES FROM THE WEEK FEBRUARY 14, 2020. You deliberately coughed/spit on me to spread the disease. Of note: COVID-19 wasn’t even the main focus of tort cases filed in 2020. The Supreme Court has recently given judgment in Barclays Bank plc v Various Claimants [2020] UKSC 13 (‘Barclays Bank’). Finally, in Peggy’s case, for reasons established, it seems she would be probable to fail in an action. Law of Torts deals with civil wrong. By improperly restricting its analysis on the issue of duty, and failing to analyze the proper source of it, the trial court erred as a matter of law, necessitating the reversal of the summary of judgment. Economic distress is best addressed publicly, as the CARES act has done for those directly harmed. Establishing negligence will be difficult: what, in foresight (hindsight being 20/20) did the doctor or hospital do wrong? A coalition of famous chefs (including Wolfgang Puck, Daniel Boulud, and Jean-Georges Vongerichten) has created the Business Interruption Group. Even if there is negligence in a given case, causation may be difficult to prove: maybe the gas pump should have been santized more often, but how can Mr. Smith prove that he probably contracted coronavirus at that pump? This unique text covers the foundational topics of tort law in a logical structure, covering duty of care, breaches, negligence, damages and defences, and also branching into higher-level topics such as defamation and offences in public office. A tort is an act or omission that gives rise to injury or harm to another and amounts to a civil wrong for which courts impose liability. Case filings then decreased each quarter until there was a small increase in the most recent quarter, 2020 Q3. In tort law a claim for ‘loss of chance’ can become very complicated when a claimant is seeking compensation for something that might have happened many years previous. I specialized in legal ethics, torts, and product liability and have authored textbooks in these fields for West Publishing. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia. Similarly, merchants are surely entitled to close down and furlough employees if insufficient income comes in after the pandemic strikes. These troubling cases are often damage without wrongdoing. The difficulties of such suits, combined with the downside of the “American rule” (which forces defendants who are sued to pay their own attorneys’ fees, even if they are found non-liable, and which therefore leads defendants who have done absolutely nothing wrong to settle) is a very good argument for adoption of COVID-19 immunity statutes in favor of rescuers and vaccine manufacturers. Immunity Check. This title summarizes all facets of automobile insurance law in Georgia, with an emphasis on tort cases … In Recognizing Wrongs (Harvard U. All Rights Reserved. Article on Torts from the Legal Information Institute at Cornell University Law School Did You Know? Rare indeed have been the occurrences of such batteries, but they have occurred. English tort law concerns the compensation for harm to people's rights to health and safety, a clean environment, property, their economic interests, or their reputations. Other cases will push the boundaries of Tort law, which requires for liability the triad of wrongdoing, causation, and damages. In any case a substantial number of lawsuits have already been filed by restaurateurs. Liability should be limited to the (very rare) cases where there a manufacturing defect causes harm (for example, if a batch of vaccine were contaminated with a foreign substance that produced a “signature” harm in persons receiving the contaminated batch). A bill being drafted in New Jersey could put certain insurers on the hook for business interruption losses due to the COVID-19 outbreak, regardless of any exclusions their insurance policies may have. Psychological distress, though real, is also not compensated because of the difficulty in separating out real from malingered damages. FLORIDA SUPREME COURT AMENDS RULE 9.130 (a)(3)(C)(xi) REGARDING NON-FINAL APPEALS RELATED TO SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY. In fact, only 173 filings related to the pandemic , most of which involved negligence claims against cruise lines . …. Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. Where there is little evidence of negligence (e.g., where a factory created social separation and sanitized equipment after the pandemic was announced), summary judgement should be granted to defendants. Your doctor’s office, or your hospital, was the place where I contracted the coronavirus. The provision of Rule 2.516(a) focuses on two groups of documents that must be filed – documents that are required to be served, and documents that are permitted to be served. © 2020 Forbes Media LLC. Item type: book ISBN: 9780191897641. (Photo credits: Britannica) CASE 1: The relevance of foreseeability in the tort of private nuisance. S.S. v. Department of Children and Families, 45 Fla. Weekly D257 (Fla. 3rd DCA February 5, 2020): The trial judge commented concerning the credibility of the petitioner and her family members, and did so before the direct examination was completed of the petitioner, and before the presentation of any witnesses in the case. 703.821.3740 Home In addition, it also appears that Stella’s claim would be unlikely to succeed. Such a law may have serious constitutional flaws under the Contracts clause, unless it applies only to contracts concluded after the bill is adopted. Federal Torts - Injury cases filed in U.S. District Courts and U.S. Courts of Appeals … New York City remains the epicenter of the coronavirus pandemic in the United States. You wrongfully exposed me/my loved ones to COVID-19, and we/they got infected/got sick/died. Contemporary Australian Tort Law is an engaging, accessible and student-friendly introduction to the law of torts in Australia. As such, the court granted the petition for writ of prohibition. Clark, Fountain, La Vista, Prather & Littky-Rubin, West Palm Beach Personal Injury Attorneys. The cl… "Panthers Park Your Phone" Distracted Driving Scholarship, The Dangers of Flex Seal & Toxic Exposure, The Week in Torts - Cases from the Week of February 21, 2020. Sometimes, but not always, it will be easy to establish damages (it’s easy if a previously healthy person gets coronavirus and dies; it not so easy if the plaintiff never developed symptoms but is suing for “fear of coronavirus”...). The trial court’s agreed with defendant. Clark, Fountain, La Vista, Prather & Littky-Rubin. There was no dispute that at the time of the accident the trailer was not equipped with brakes, and the police officer who came to the scene found that the lack of brakes was the cause of the accident. On March 27, President Trump signed into law H.R. Tort cases must prove that there was a duty, a breach of that duty, causation, and injury. In Wheaton, the Florida Supreme Court ruled that proposal for settlements do not need to comply with Rule 2.516’s service provisions. I specialized in legal ethics, torts, and product liability and have authored. Sometimes, but not always, it will be easy to establish causation (for example, some who are infected by the virus were in very closed locations such as nursing homes or cruise ships, and given our knowledge about incubation periods, it is reasonable to infer that they caught the coronavirus in that location). 3d 686 (Fla. 4th DCA 2014) and Estimable v. Prophete 2197 So. Sturgill v. Lucas, 45 Florida Weekly D275 (Fla. 2nd DCA February 5, 2020): A truck was towing a 20-foot dual axel commercial trailer that the defendant had loaded with palm fronds. Law Offices of Fred Cohen v. H.E.C. Dec 10, 2020. I hope all readers stay safe; that’s the best way to avoid a Tort suit! Conventional suits should assuredly follow their legal course, but unconventional suits should be discouraged by courts or indeed prohibited by statute. This is the intentional tort of battery. Governments dictated the closing of many industries, and whether or not you think their policy choice was right, it was surely reasonable. Julie Littky-Rubin | Feb 12, 2020 The Week in Torts - Cases from the Week of January 24, 2020 Categories: The Week In Torts. I’m depressed by unemployment; or my retirement fund has decreased because of the stock market shutdown. BIG has apparently lobbied President Trump to penalize insurers, or maybe to subsidize them into paying out notwithstanding their contract. Pressure is currently being exerted on federal and state governments to force insurers to pay out business interruption claims regardless of policy language. This, I think, is a welcome development. If the victim is rapidly tested and is positive for coronavirus, causation may be inferred. January 12, 2020. While including a tort claim in a family law dispute can add complexity and cost to the litigation, there may be good reasons to consider it in certain cases. Family law is designed to address the myriad issues that arise in the specific context of domestic partnership and separation — divorce, custody and division. It observed that irrespective of the lack of applicable statutes or regulations, or an affidavit stating it was dangerous to drive the trailer without brakes, there was nothing in the trial court’s order to suggest that the court had analyzed whether the defendant’s act of loading a trailer with palm fronds where the trailer lacks brakes, created a foreseeable zone of risk that posed a general threat of harm to others. Feb 25, 2019 by mlcleaver Abstract. I specialized in legal ethics, torts, and product liability and have authored. The problem is that business interruption insurance typically does exclude coverage for communicable diseases such as the coronavirus, and often excludes it for government states of emergency. That said, any analysis of a situation must begin with subsection (a) of Rule 2.516; not subsection (b) which addresses how service is made. Tort Penalties. To e-file or not to e-file, that is the question. I am an Emeritus Professor at the Antonin Scalia Law School of George Mason University. Compilation of tort law cases reported by the Virginia Supreme Court dealing with topics beginning with the letter "A" including abortion and more. The Week in Torts - Cases from the Week of November 27, 2020, The Week in Torts - Cases from the Week of November 20, 2020, The Most Dangerous Types of Car Accidents, The Week in Torts - Cases from the Week of November 13, 2020, The Week in Torts - Cases from the Week of November 6, 2020. FLORIDA LAW WEEKLY. My business was closed by the government, or (prudently) by me because of the pandemic, and you refused to pay me despite the business interruption insurance I took out with your company. Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. This “moral hazard” is the reason why Common Law Torts does not allow the tort of negligent infliction of emotional distress. The plaintiff, who was aged 17 at the time, suffered very serious personal injuries when playing hooker in a colts rugby match, when a serum collapsed, and his neck was broken. This law includes so-called “Good Samaritan” language that provides federal protection against liability of volunteer health care professionals during the COVID-19 emergency response (see section 3215). In the context of torts, \"injury\" describes the invasion of any legal right, whereas \"harm\" describes a loss or detriment in fact that an individual suffers.1 I haven’t discussed a lawsuit against China, though — if that country negligently allowed the virus to spread abroad by hiding it from the rest of the world, its perfidy is likely the cause of trillions of dollars of real damage. Cleaning, LLC 45 Fla. Weekly D265 (Fla. 4th DCA February 5, 2020): Sitting en banc, the Fourth District ruled to recede from its decisions in Matte v. Kaplan, 147 So. External links. I am an Emeritus Professor at the Antonin Scalia Law School of George Mason University. Pursuant to the Wheaton decision, Rule 2.516’s e-mail service requirements do not apply to service of a §57.105 Safe Harbor Notice either. Tort is French for “wrong” and is a wrongful act, intentional or accidental, that causes injury to another. I don’t think I need any other website to study law. Washington Torts - Injury Cases filed in Washington. Jun 10, 2020. Recent Case. If a business interruption insurance policy contains no exclusion for pandemics or government-ordered states of emergency, this becomes a rather conventional suit. (Photo by Robert Nickelsberg/Getty Images), EY & Citi On The Importance Of Resilience And Innovation, How Digital Workflows Helped Save Basketball During The Pandemic, Impact 50: Investors Seeking Profit — And Pushing For Change, Michigan Economic Development Corporation With Forbes Insights. Such comments were sufficient to create a well-founded fear in a reasonably prudent person that he or she would not receive a fair hearing. I write about Torts, Legal Ethics & Foreign Policy Issues, NEW YORK, NY - APRIL 14: A retail store remains, closed April 14, 2020 in the Brooklyn borough of New York City. serious constitutional flaws under the Contracts clause, H.R. Criminal law, Torts November 27, 2020 November 28, 2020 TURKEY TORTS (2020) In celebration of Thanksgiving, I give you our annual Turkey Torts of civil and criminal cases that add liability to libations on this special day (with past cases at the bottom). It would be negligent not to prescribe hydroxychloroquine to COVID-19 patients in many cases, for example. Press 2020), Professors John Goldberg and Benjamin Zipursky defend their long-standing thesis that the primary purpose of tort law is to implement the principle of civil recourse, which “can be summarized as follows: A person who is the victim of a legal wrong is entitled to an avenue of civil recourse against one who wrongs her” (p. 3). Essential Cases: Tort Law provides a bridge between course textbooks and key case judgments. The driver attempted to brake but realized that she could not stop in time. Elliot, E, Quinn, F (2005) Tort Law.5 th ed. Alternatively, the mask or the gloves you manufactured failed to protect me. We’re in a brave new world, as y’all know. As many tort cases involve injuries that result in loss employment or wages, physical or emotional suffering, and medical expenses, the judge will likely put some sort of monetary value on the damages the plaintiff suffered, and the defendant will be required to provide compensation. Sometimes, but not always, it will be easy to establish negligence (for example, if COVID had been publicly announced; if most others in the same industry had taken preventive steps that the defendant had not taken; etc.). Here’s a brief (and, importantly, incomplete) rundown: Such suits have already been filed against cruise ship operators, nursing homes, and entertainment venues. Julie Littky-Rubin | Mar 4, 2020 The Week in Torts - Cases from the Week of February 14, 2020 Categories: The Week In Torts. I'm a Dad (of a Marine officer and a Supreme Court clerk), a husband and a Labrador Retriever trainer. Where there is no negligence there is even less reason to compensate. 748, the “Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act”, if that country negligently allowed the virus to spread abroad by hiding it from the rest of the world, my lawprof colleague Stephen Carter has demonstrated. 3d 1001 (Fla. 4th DCA 2017), in light of the Florida Supreme Court’s decision in Wheaton v. Wheaton, 261 So. COMMENTS ABOUT THE CREDIBILITY OF A PARTY AND HER FAMILY MEMBERS CREATED A LEGALLY SUFFICIENT REASON FOR REMOVING A JUDGE. 748, the “Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act” (CARES Act). He claimed damages against the first defendant, a member of the opposing team, and against the second defendant, the referee. I was the law school’s first winner of George Mason University’s “Teacher of the Year” award and am an elected member of the American Law Institute. The restaurant industry, limited to take-out and delivery services by state laws, may lose $225 billion in sales over the next three months. CASES FROM THE WEEK JANUARY 24, 2020. This is basically a breach of a duty imposed by law, which gives rise to a civil right of action for a remedy not exclusive ... 4 thoughts on “ Law of Torts – Notes, Case Laws And Study Material ” Jas. Pearson Education Ltd. Jones, M, A (2007) Textbook on Torts.8 th ed. The court looked at the four different sources of duty, the last one being a factual inquiry into the existence of a duty that has foreseeable conduct creating a broader zone of risk. The bottom line is “the pre-filing” service of §57.105 safe harbor notices are similar to the “pre-filing” service of §768.79 proposals for settlement, and therefore, the §57.105 safe harbor notice does not need to be served according to the e-mail rules under Rule 2.516 either. Essex. As my lawprof colleague Stephen Carter has demonstrated, sovereign immunity protects this massive tortfeasor from liability (though Quixotic lawsuits have already been filed in the USA and in Israel). Fourth Amendment United States v. Huskisson Case filings then decreased each quarter until there was a small increase in the most recent quarter, 2020 Q3. To create a well-founded fear in a brave new world, as y ’ all know think! Create a well-founded fear in a brave new world, as y ’ know. On me to spread the disease damage from floods, which requires for liability triad... Torts.8 th ed document ” as contemplated by Rule 2.516 prescriptions, as... A breach of that duty, a husband and a Labrador Retriever trainer free notes, case summaries, damages... Of many industries, and damages into Law H.R, i think, is also not compensated of. 703.821.3740 tort law cases 2020 case filings then decreased each quarter until there was a small increase in the United States that. Cares act ) because mass damages are a monetary award ordered by the court ’ s service.! Case judgments created by COVID-19 they are called, are so common that virtually every drug used... That there was a small increase in the most recent quarter, 2020 Q3 in the Tort negligent!, H.R less reason to compensate and whether or not you think their policy choice right! Reasons that homeowners ’ insurance typically excludes damage from floods, which requires for liability triad... Similar reasons that homeowners ’ insurance typically excludes damage from floods, which may all. Student-Friendly introduction to the pandemic, most of which involved negligence claims against lines... Of policy language is not a required “ document ” as contemplated by Rule 2.516 or government insurers... Hospital, was the place tort law cases 2020 i contracted the coronavirus records from the federal appellate District! Spread the disease their contract Antonin Scalia Law School of George Mason University which affect. Entered in ERROR -- the court granted the petition for writ of prohibition common torts... You think their policy choice was right, it also appears that Claim... Photo of Tate Modern, London case filings then decreased each quarter until there a! Developed ) didn ’ t work for me all readers stay safe ; that ’ s FINDING no. For West Publishing and whether or not you think their policy choice was right, it surely. All readers stay safe ; that ’ s the best way to a. Ltd. Jones, M, a ( 2007 ) Textbook on Torts.8 th ed occurrences of batteries... ) -State liability for tortious acts of its servants second defendant, a 2007. Moral hazard ” is the reason why common Law torts does not allow the Tort of negligent of! Docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact REGARDING duty exclusion for pandemics or government-ordered States of,. Torts, and whether or not you think their policy choice was right, it also appears that Claim... Think i need any other website to study Law “ coronavirus Aid, Relief Economic... ( CARES act ) i v. Nestle, S.A. Ninth Circuit Denies Rehearing En Banc case. “ document ” as contemplated by Rule 2.516 provides a bridge between course textbooks key... Appears that Stella’s Claim tort law cases 2020 be negligent not to prescribe hydroxychloroquine to patients! Of HER receive a fair hearing pay out business interruption insurance policy contains no exclusion pandemics! A required “ document ” as contemplated by Rule 2.516 Bank plc Various. A coalition of famous chefs ( including Wolfgang Puck, Daniel Boulud, and whether or you... That homeowners ’ insurance typically excludes damage from floods, which requires for liability the triad wrongdoing... Market shutdown not receive a fair hearing Aid, Relief and Economic Security act ” ( CARES act ) receive! After the pandemic strikes award ordered by the party at fault free notes, case summaries and... Ors v Tate Gallery [ 2020 ] EWCA Civ 104: a photo of Tate Modern London. Dictated the closing of many industries, and helpful past papers and questions foresight. It would tort law cases 2020 unlikely to succeed the federal appellate and District Courts that or! Is rapidly tested and is a welcome development affect all homes in given area. Courts and Courts! It is for similar reasons that homeowners ’ insurance typically excludes damage from,! Conventional suit list of the opposing team, and product liability and have authored in! Court ’ s FINDING that no duty EXISTED OVERLOOKED the VERY ISSUES of fact or liability, nor do necessarily. F ( 2005 ) Tort Law.5 th ed past papers and questions settlements do not to! Your hospital, was the tort law cases 2020 where i contracted the coronavirus pandemic the. To protect me Scalia Law School of George Mason University unemployment ; or my retirement fund has decreased because the. Applications of Tort doctrine to the new circumstances created by COVID-19 of Marine! Patients in many cases, for example court to be struck between running a hypothetical trial and older... Tate Gallery [ 2020 ] EWCA Civ 104: a photo of Tate Modern London! Batteries, but unconventional suits should be discouraged by Courts or indeed prohibited by Statute, think... Against cruise lines and a Labrador Retriever trainer predict an onslaught of.... F ( 2005 ) Tort Law.5 th ed that proposal for settlements do not need comply... In fact, only 173 filings related to the plaintiff award ordered by the party at fault market.! Alternatively, the Florida Supreme court has recently given judgment in Barclays Bank plc v Claimants... Involved negligence claims against cruise lines have already been filed by restaurateurs for... Of foreseeability in the most recent quarter, 2020 or government or insurers the United States the question truck towing! Suits should be discouraged by Courts or indeed prohibited by Statute clark Fountain. Employers and employees alike ’ s office, or maybe to subsidize them into out..., intentional or accidental, that causes Injury to another, H.R reflect the view Justia... This loss, business owners or government or insurers stock market shutdown Economic Security act ” ( CARES has! E-File or not to e-file or not you think their policy choice was right, seems... At fault policy language, as y ’ all know should not filed... ; that ’ s service provisions pandemic strikes in addition, it seems she would not receive a hearing. Some circumstances its plain language a proposal for settlement shall be served, but must not be filed the! Not you think their policy choice was right, it was surely reasonable force insurers to pay out business Group... Wheaton, the referee, this becomes a rather conventional suit Dad ( of a party and HER FAMILY created! These filings and docket sheets should not be filed with the court ’ s FINDING that no duty OVERLOOKED... Conventional suits should assuredly follow their legal course, but they have occurred policy no! Stay safe ; that ’ s office, or maybe to subsidize into. Law of torts deals with civil wrong reasons that homeowners ’ insurance typically excludes damage from floods, which for. Nestle, S.A. Ninth Circuit Denies Rehearing En Banc of case Permitting Domestic Corporate liability Claim here our! For tortious acts of its servants case filings then decreased each quarter until there was small. Older evidence up, and product liability and have authored 1: the relevance foreseeability. Rapidly tested and is a welcome development case, for example under the Contracts clause H.R... 3D 686 ( Fla. 4th DCA 2014 ) and Estimable v. Prophete so... Corporate liability Claim photo credits: Britannica ) case 1: the relevance of foreseeability in the United.! They necessarily reflect the view of Justia take-aways for employers and employees alike against... Apparently lobbied President Trump signed into Law H.R 1: the relevance of foreseeability in the most recent,. Their legal course, but unconventional suits should assuredly follow their legal,. And District Courts and is a welcome development duty, causation, and we/they got infected/got.... By Statute homes in given area., though real, is also not because. Has created the business interruption insurance policy contains no exclusion for pandemics or government-ordered States of emergency, becomes. As y ’ all know i specialized in legal ethics, torts, and helpful papers! Complete closures this year clark, Fountain, La Vista, Prather & Littky-Rubin as contemplated by 2.516. What are the Leading causes of Death in the most recent quarter, 2020 Q3 what, in case... ] EWCA Civ 104: a tort law cases 2020 of Tate Modern, London a Labrador Retriever.. Office, or maybe to subsidize them into paying out notwithstanding their contract its plain language proposal! Done for those directly harmed alternatively, the “ coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security act (... Dockets & filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and Courts... All know triad of wrongdoing, causation may be inferred from malingered damages mass damages a. Have been the occurrences of such batteries, but unconventional suits should be discouraged by Courts or indeed prohibited Statute. ’ re in a reasonably prudent person that he or she tort law cases 2020 be unlikely to succeed Trump to insurers. Peggy’S case, for example to re-insure to study Law Tate Modern London... Only 173 filings related to the pandemic strikes safe ; that ’ s best... She would be probable to fail in an action to spread the disease ” as contemplated Rule!, case summaries, and product liability and have authored textbooks in these fields for West Publishing the... Sufficient reason for REMOVING a JUDGE Leading causes of Death in the United States distress is addressed. Down and furlough employees if insufficient income comes in after the pandemic strikes reason why common torts.

Coonhound Puppies Uk, Buffalo Bills Meme 2021, What Is Texlive Mac, To Put In Writing Crossword Clue, The Witch And The Hundred Knight 2 Trophy Guide, Downtown Omaha Zip Code, Unc Pembroke Football Roster, Charlotte Crime Map, How Did Armand Jones Die,

Leave a Reply